Their data are of great importance because by distinguishing daily from non-daily vapers, they allow the differentiation of casual and experimental users from daily users. Their study also provides data on outcomes 12 months later. This simultaneous increase in e-cigarette use and cessation may be coincidental, and it is therefore vitally important for longitudinal studies to be conducted to assess the impact of e-cigarette usage on quitting behaviour. Daily use of e-cigarettes while smoking appears to be associated with subsequent increases in rates of attempting to stop smoking and reducing smoking, but not with smoking cessation.
Non-daily use of e-cigarettes while smoking does not appear to be associated with cessation attempts, cessation or reduced smoking. A companion paper broke down the data further by type of e-cigarette product. Daily tank system users were the only group which showed a significant improvement in smoking cessation. But of 1, smokers followed up at 12 months, only 69 — just 4. And just over one in four of these — only nineteen or 1.
This is hardly the stuff of revolutionary dreams for population-wide cessation!
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While the McNeill group has reported that smoking cessation rates were the highest since at least , the latest data from August in the Smoking Toolkit study show the lowest percentage of English smokers trying to quit since These two data sets thus appear to show quite different, perhaps incompatible results about the proportion of smokers making cessation attempts and actual cessation.
Greater clarity on this key issue is badly needed. Many vaping advocates downplay this gigantic elephant in the room with fingers-crossed optimism that dual use should always be seen as just a transitory phase that smokers go through before they quit smoking. As I will argue soon, the tobacco industry has other ideas about this.
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The Brose et al paper from England reported that at 12 months, Even among those smokers who vaped daily, There is a dose-response relationship that no one disputes here: those who smoke more are more likely to die from their smoking than those who smoke less. But this is quite a different claim. Four cohort studies published since have reported on whether reducing smoking, as opposed to stopping smoking altogether, confers any mortality benefit.
A Norwegian cohort of 51, people followed from the s until found:. A Scottish study of two cohorts followed from the s to also found no evidence of reduced mortality in reducers, but clear evidence in quitters.
It concluded that:. Vapers who keep on smoking — which is most of them — are fooling themselves if they think they are seriously reducing risk. I now turn to the future of vaping. All they care about is their unhindered access to unregulated vape gear and their rights to vape anywhere: in workplaces, next to you on planes, and presumably while driving the school bus, inside child care centres and hospitals. In England, vaping by non-smoking kids is very uncommon. Nearly everyone thinks that is self-evidently a good thing. But the same cannot be said about the United States where data from the US National Youth Tobacco Survey show that while cigarette smoking continues to fall ammong US teenagers, e-cigarette use has been dramatically increasing since Apologists for teenage vaping actually try to argue that this is a good development!
You see, all those teenage vapers would have been smoking were it not for e-cigarettes. The small problem here is that this rise was not associated with a rise in dual or multiple tobacco or nicotine product use, and the decline in cigarette smoking had been falling before e-cigarettes arrived. But as yet they have not. Nearly all businesses survive and flourish by retaining existing customers and critically, stimulating new customers to start. But if you are selling products which have potential to be used by more than those already using them, you are vitally interested in non-users.
Cigarette and e-cigarettes fit that description perfectly. For decades the tobacco industry told us — and still does — that it is not the least bit interested in teenage smoking. Myra Pong Language: English. Leung Shing On Language: English. Nie Youyan Language: English. Li Fengliang Language: English.
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The day before Easter. Cultivate the seeds they planted in you and let their essence radiate from you. And above all, in the big scheme of the Universe, have faith knowing that you will be reunited with your loved one, once again. Whenever you're seeing or number patterns, you're being called to awaken. Visually, represents columns of gates; it is a direct channel that opens between you and your Higher Self.
You begin to realize that what you are perceiving as imperfect, is actually the Universal Creator seeing perfection on the Divine level. Imperfections are simply imperfections to you, but not to the Universal Source. Therefore, what you see as a disappointment, the Creator sees as an opportunity for learning and soul growth. On the soul level, your consciousness evolves and you start to see life with new eyes.
Instead of making decisions with your head, you start making decisions with your heart. For this reason, you begin to see the illusion of life and the true Divine reality of all that is. In a way, remembering who you really are.
In this sense, the meaning behind is related to your biological ascension because it is the gateway towards ascension; you're moving to a higher energetic vibration. So whenever you see , the cellular memory is reactivated within you, and you have this sense that you remember something you've long forgotten. Hence, when you are in the presence of , this number pattern is awakening your memory. You're remembering your true Divine nature. You're remembering that you are an individual piece of the Universal Creator, and collectively, we are the whole Universe.
It's time to make a wish and know your intention can manifest for your highest good and for all mankind. It's the intention of the thought itself that counts. As humans, we ascend and descend continuously, with every thought and every word.
In this way, ascension is born within each breath, in each and every moment of our lives. Each of us is growing toward the Light at our own pace.
Essentially, we are all moving in the same direction to be One with the Universal Creator. So, when you see , you understand that you need to take the first step.